Making home made dairy meal for feeding dairy cows.

dairy meal






Here is a great article on making dairy meal at home with a ready to use example.


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Dairy Cows for Sale in Kenya

cows on sale

cows on sale in Kenya

Are you looking to buy dairy cows? Check

There are several cows for sale and you can search for cows based on County, Production, Age, and breed.

In addition you can meet experts and sample different feeds on sale in Kenya. Dairying has never been this easy.

New year plans.

Hello everyone who reads our posts.

We at Cellfam are sorry we had issues with the Site and could not respond to your comments and emails on time.

All issues have been sorted and we are looking forward to an interactive new year. All issues have ben addressed and we have responded to all the emails/comments and will do our best to respond to all issues in the new year ASAP.

We wish all our readers a productive and profitable 2014!!!

Happy new year.

Keep checking on our blog for productive articles.


In business as in life, sometimes bad things happen to good people, and sometimes good things happen to bad people. But over time, if you play long enough, everybody gets what he deserves.. good and bad.

-Jeffrey Immelt

How to make Dairy meal at home:

Making home made concentrates

home made concentrates are cheaper

home made concentrates are cheaper

It’s now a common fact that you should know if you are interested in dairy farming. Any cow fed on grasses alone will never achieve its full milk yield potential. You must therefore supplement the forage with concentrates.

Currently there is a great variety of concentrates in the market. All may be good but there is one disadvantage of using them. They are expensive. With a 70 kg sack going for more than Ksh 2700, the most profitable thing you  would be resorting to cheaper alternatives to minimize your costs.

Commercial dairy meal is produced by mixing different feeds so that the final feed is relatively high in protein (about 16%) and has a good (but not overly high) amount of energy. Dairy meal is often expensive, and may not be cost-effective, especially if the quality is sub-standard and the farmer has to pay transport costs. It is possible to make a better quality and more cost-effective mixture mainly using ingredients grown on the farm.

Contrary to what feed suppliers will tell you there is no magic behind making concentrates. the trick is in using the right ingredients and mixing them in the right proportions.

Different ingredients contain different levels of major nutrients such as protein, energy and minerals. A mixture must be formulated to balance the nutrients to form part of the animal’s total diet and tailored to suit its particular requirement relative to the kinds of forage that are available. The information here is intended to be used as a guide. If you are in any doubt about what is best for your circumstances, please contact me for more advise.

Examples of high energy feeds available in Kenya.

  • Maize germ
  • Wheat pollard
  • Molasses
  • Maize bran
  • Wheat bran

High Protein Feeds available in the country

  • Lucerne hay
  • Cotton seed cake
  • Soya bean meal
  • Sunflower seed cake
  • Sesbania leaves
  • Calliandra leaves
  • Fish meal.

Common Sources of Minerals in Kenya.

  • Dicalcium Phosphate
  • Limestone
  • Rock phosphate
  • Mineral Premix.

If your can properly mix ingredients from the three groups above, in right quantity, then you have your concentrate at lower cost and in some cases better quality than what you get from the market.

Making home made concentrates

Making home-made concentrates

How to Mix the Dairy Supplements

1: Ordinary supplement

To make 100 kg of the supplement use:

  • 75 kg energy feeds
  • 23 kg protein feed
  • 2 kg minerals.

For example:

  • 57 kg Maize germ
  • 18 kg Wheat pollard
  • 17kg Lucerne hay
  • 6 kg Soya meal
  • 2 kg Dicalcium phosphate.

2: High yielder dairy supplement

To make 100 kg of the supplement use:

  • 68 kg energy feeds
  • 30 kg protein feed
  • 2 kg minerals.

For example:

  • 50 kg maize germ
  • 16 kg wheat pollard
  • 2 kg molasses
  • 14 kg cotton seed cake
  • 12 kg lucerne hay
  • 4 kg fi sh meal.


The farmer makes a saving when using homemade dairy supplement instead of commercial dairy meal as shown below:

Healthy living: Making Honey cake

Simple recipes.


hone cake

hone cake

  • 1 cup butter/margarine
  • 1½ cups liquid honey
  • 4 eggs
  • 4 cups self-raising wheat flour
  • 2 teaspoons nutmeg
  • loaf


  1. Cream margarine and honey together. Add well beaten eggs. Sieve flour twice and add nutmeg.
  2. Gradually add dry ingredients into the creamed mixture. Pour mixture into a large greased loaf
  3. pan. Bake 175ºC for about 45 mins to 1 hour.
How a final product should look.

final product

Poultry production in kenya: Feeding layers.

Principles of feeding layers.

poultry eggs

poultry eggs

Feed type and quantity

There 3 types of feeds used in layers production namely:

Chick feed either in form of mash or pellets recommended from day old to 8 weeks of
age. Each chick will consume 2kg during this period

A growing diet offered from 8 weeks to 18 weeks of age. Each grower will consume
about 8kg during this period

Layer feed offered from 19 to 75 weeks of age giving 120g of feed per day. The bird
will have consumed about 45kg of feed.

NB. The above quantities are a guide and will vary depending feed quality and level of feed

  • Chick and Duck mash can be used for chicks of 0 to 8 weeks of age.
  • Growers’ mash should be used for pullets up to 18 weeks of age.
  • Layers’ mash should be used for birds of 18 weeks to 76 weeks of age.

Quality feed for layers should be

  • Palatable
  • Digestible
  • Free from toxins.
  • It should also meet the recommended nutritive values for each growing and
  • production stages

Feeding practices for Layers

  • Provide fresh feeds daily and let the birds feed ad lid
  • Avoid abrupt change of feed from one type to another
  • Feeds should be stored in rodent proof, rain proof and well ventilated areas. The feeds
  • should be placed above the floor on palates
  • Always buy feeds from reputable feed stockists or manufacturers. And do not store for
  • long periods
  • Feed wastage In a poultry enterprise, cost of feed constitutes about 80% of total costs.
  • It is important that feed wastages should be avoided wherever possible.
  • Wastages will arise from: Poorly designed feed troughs;
  • Filling long feeders more than 2/3 feeders
  • allowing feed spillage.

In a poultry enterprise cost of feed is very important as it constitutes between 70% and 80% of total costs. It is therefore important that any feed wastage should be avoided as much as possible at it will constitute unnecessary feed expenses.


Dairy goats?? Can you make money out of it?? Here are your answers

Why would anyone keep dairy goats in Kenya??

Yes there has been a lot of interest in the dairy goat in this country especially the past year. Personally,I have been asked several times about dairy goats, how much land it takes to raise them, what to feed them, and how to manage them. I hope this article is going to answer all your questions.

milking dairy goat

milking dairy goat










You should try keeping goats because of the following reasons:

Nutrition wise.

Goat’s milk is good and tasty! Goats’ milk is more nutritious, easy to drink and is a richer food because it has more calcium, phosphorous and chlorine than cow’s milk.

You are likely to use goat milk at home so that the family gets the best milk – if there is a cow many farmers will sell the cows milk for cash and make sure the family gets the goat milk to drink!

you have all heard someone say it. Goat’s meat is very tasty and it is juicy and eaten often by many people. More and more people are learning about how good goat’s milk, cheese and yoghut are so there is growing market

Goats’s milk is better for the family as it has a “high Nutritional Content” This means it is very high quality food and very good for young and old. Some people cannot drink cow’s milk. They have an allergy to it. Nobody is allergic to goats’s milk


Goats also have a much lower feed cost in comparison to a cow. One cow will eat as much as 3 to 6 goats, depending on the breed and needs of the individual goat. Goats will happily eat  shrubs, tree backs ant bushes cows will not,    Goats win every time with a lower cost of upkeep. Three goats are much cheaper to raise and keep than even one cow. Goats are also more gentle and less messy than cows.

In Kenya as a dairy goat farmer you don’t have to worry about processing because the market for raw milk is there. and the demand is huge. Currently goat milk sells for between Ksh 80 and Ksh 100 per liter, more than double the cost of Cows milk.

In quantity of milk you get daily, goats are not much far behind cows. A good breed would give you up to 7 liters a day and in a country where local breeds produce 2 litres a day, this is a much better alternative.

Do not need to work so hard!

Goats require less labor and time per head compared to cattle


Goat house is simple and cheaper to build than a cows house. With a good design such as one shown you have less labor requirement, and better health.

Dairy Goat house

Dairy Goat house








Dairy Goat breeds Kept in Kenya.


  • Brown in colour with white line on face, legs and tail
  • Mature male weighs between 70-110 kg while mature female weighs 60-70 kg Produces
  • about 5 Iitres of milk per day under good management
  • High twinning rate


  • White in colour with pink skin pigmentation
  • Mature male weighs 80-100 kg while mature female weighs 60-70 kg
  • High twining rate
  • Do not dwell in hot climate
  • Shorter than Toggenburg and Sannen
  • Produces upto 7 litres of milk per day under good management.


  • Dual purpose and adapts well in hot climates like coast and western
  • Developed from crossing Nubian goat (from Sudan) and English goats.
  • Whitish /brown with long dropping ears.
  • Mature male weighs 70-110 kg, while female weigh 60-70 kg.
  • Produces 3-5 litres of milk per day under good management
  • Its milk has high butter fat content (good for cheese making)

Healthy living: Cough Syrup made at home

Simple steps in making cough syrup at home.

cough syrup- local remedy

cough syrup local remedy

This is a simple guide based on a recipe from the ministry of livestock, on value added livestock products that will not only earn you income but  save you more and provide you with a home-made remedy that is safe yet effective. Our main focus is value addition of honey which a popular livestock product (bee)


  • 4 Tablespoonfuls of Honey
  • 1 large Garlic bulb
  • 1 large ginger
  • 4 Lemons


  1. Squeeze out lemon juice into a cup
  2. Peel the garlic and crush into a paste.
  3. Peel and grate the ginger.
  4. Mix garlic, ginger and lemon juice then blend and sieve.
  5. Add 4 tbs of honey to the mixture.
  6. The mixture turns greenish brown depending on the honey color.
  7. Allow it to rest for 10- 15 mins then use it within 5 days.

Dosage: Adults: 2 – 3 tbsp every 3 hours.

NB: The mixture is most effective on the onset of the cough/flu

Start a Fish Farm in your backyard. You don’t need to dig ponds anymore.

Cheapest Method of producing fish.

Currently owning land is an issue. If you happen to stay in a compound, no landlord will allow you to dig his his land to construct a fish pond and this has been the dilemma of many who would love to venture in this lucrative business and have no land.

There have been new developments within the country where you do not need to dig a fish pond. There is new method of constructing a simple fish pond and can be done anywhere. The system called raised pond system by Inspired farming solutions uses local materials and polythene to construct ponds measuring 4M by 4M by 1M deep that can hold up to 1000 catfish or 500 tilapia. All you need is a wooden frame and polythene liner

raised pond

raised pond


Note the wooden frame from local materials.







The liner used on the pond has a life-span of about 30 years with another local company offering 6 year warranty on the liner

After adding the liner and adding water to the recommended levels, as per a professional advice, you bring in the fingerlings and fish farming begins.

4 Ponds each with capacity of 500 tilapia

4 Ponds each with capacity of 500 tilapia



And the establishment costs?

Fingerlings will come at 10/= . At maximum, 1000 fingerlings will cost KSh.10,000/=

The liner for this kind of pond will be 2M (width) X 4M (length) X 1M (height) will be about 25 square meters maximum. A 1m2 will cost about KSh.150-200/=.Depending on the gauge of the liner.

If you come from a cold region, they supply a cheap green house at Ksh 20000.